Hair loss, also known as alopecia, can occur due to various conditions and factors. Here are some of the common causes and conditions associated with hair loss:
- Androgenetic Alopecia (Male/Female Pattern Baldness): This is the most common cause of hair loss and is hereditary. It affects both men and women and is characterized by a gradual thinning of hair on the scalp.
- Alopecia Areata: This is an autoimmune disorder where the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles, leading to hair loss in small, round patches on the scalp or other areas of the body.
- Telogen Effluvium: This condition is often triggered by a significant stress event, illness, or medication. It causes a sudden and temporary shedding of hair, usually a few months after the triggering event.
- Anagen Effluvium: Typically, this type of hair loss is caused by exposure to toxins, radiation, or certain medications, such as chemotherapy drugs. It leads to the sudden loss of actively growing hair.
- Traction Alopecia: This occurs when hair is pulled too tightly for extended periods, such as through tight hairstyles like braids, cornrows, or hair extensions. Over time, it can damage hair follicles and lead to hair loss.
- Scarring Alopecia: This type of hair loss results from damage to hair follicles and the surrounding skin. It often leads to permanent hair loss and can be caused by various conditions, including autoimmune diseases, infections, and injuries.
- Nutritional Deficiencies: A lack of essential nutrients, such as iron, zinc, and biotin, can lead to hair loss. Proper nutrition is vital for healthy hair growth.
- Hormonal Changes: Hormonal imbalances, such as those occurring during pregnancy, menopause, or conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), can contribute to hair loss.
- Medical Conditions: Some underlying medical conditions, like thyroid disorders and lupus, can cause hair loss as a secondary symptom.
- Medications: Certain medications, including those used for cancer, high blood pressure, depression, and arthritis, may have hair loss as a side effect.
- Infections: Scalp infections, such as ringworm, can lead to hair loss if left untreated.
- Stress: High levels of chronic stress can disrupt the hair growth cycle, leading to hair loss.
- Trichotillomania: This is a psychological disorder where individuals have an irresistible urge to pull out their hair, leading to hair loss.
- Age: Natural aging can result in hair thinning and loss due to changes in hair follicles’ size and activity.
- Environmental Factors: Exposure to harsh environmental conditions, such as excessive sun or pollution, can damage the hair and contribute to hair loss.
It’s important to note that the treatment for hair loss depends on the underlying cause. If you are experiencing significant hair loss, it is advisable to consult with one of our hair loss experts to determine the cause and receive appropriate treatment guidance.